Neues aus der Kinderkardiologie

Wir stellen Ihnen neue, interessante Studien, wie auch Innovationen der Kinderkardiologie aus der ganzen Welt vor. 

“Recurrent Congenital Heart Diseases among Neonates Born to Mothers with Congenital Heart Diseases”

Citation: T. Yokouchi‑Konishi, J. Yoshimatsu, M. Sawada, T. Shionoiri, A. Nakanishi, C Horiuchi, et al. Pediatric Cardiology (2019) 40:865–870.

Plain text summary: Dr. univ. (I), Alessia Callegari; PD Dr. Christian Balmer, Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Children’s Hospital Zurich

Text: In the general population, the incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) is known to be circa 1%, but is reported to be as high as 7% in neonates of mothers with CHD. This has a consistent clinical impact, especially considering the growing population of adult women with CHD.

Out of 803 neonates (10 twins) from 529 women with CHD a total of 25 neonates was affected by CHD. The estimated average rate of CHD recurrence was therefore 3.1%, meaning that the risk of CHD was 3 times greater than that of mothers with healthy hearts. Almost half of neonates with CHD had the same phenotype as their mother: especially right obstructive lesions showed a high recurrence rate. Lastly, they reported a three- to ninefold greater risk of CHD in case of siblings with CHD.

Even interpreted with appropriate understanding of the associated limitations, these results remark the need of an appropriate preconception counseling in women with CHD, considering the higher risk of recurrence. In order to gain a proper insight on the risk associated to the different type of CHD a larger and prospective study is needed. 

“The effect of right ventricular function on survival and morbidity following stage 2 palliation: An analysis of the single ventricle reconstruction trial public data”

Citation: Hormaza VM, Conaway M, Schneider DS, Vergales JE. Congenital Heart Disease. 2019;14:274–279.

Plain text summary: Dr. Sebastiano A.G. Lava, PD Dr. Stefano Di Bernardo; Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Lausanne

Text: They found that, prior to stage 2, future “failing Glenn” had an inferior right ventricular fractional area change as well as superior right ventricular volumes, both end-diastolic and end-systolic, as compared to patients doing well after stage 2 palliation. They also found that every 10% increase in right ventricular ejection fraction was associated with a 63% decrease in length of hospital stay and 68% decrease in duration of intubation.

Notwithstanding the several limitations of this study and acknowledging the retrospective study design precluding any conclusion on cause-effect relationships, this study suggests that a lower right ventricular function prior to stage 2 palliation might be associated with an increased risk of failing stage 2 later on. Definition of cutoff values and, thus, timely identification of these patients might help in proactively improving their management.